Learning Paths

Communication strategies


Intercultural communication strategies for learner autonomy

(In Menegale, M., (2013) (Ed). Autonomy in language learning: Getting learners actively involved. IATEFL: Canterbury, UK.)

This paper argues for strategy education across the curriculum as a whole-person engagement, involving the activation of cognitive, affective and social factors, and as a descriptive, experiential and explicit pedagogical approach.


Developing strategic competence: towards autonomy in oral interaction

(Perspectives, a Journal of TESOL-Italy - Vol. XX, No. 1 June 1994)

Strategic competence - solving communication problems despite inadequate command of the linguistic/sociocultural code - is an important feature of both L1 and L2 interaction. Teaching approaches will have to ensure that students consider authentic situations where strategies play a significant role; become aware of strategies through observation and discussion; and face problem-oriented, open-ended interactive tasks which require strategy use to negotiate meanings and intentions.


Teaching communication strategies for oral interaction

("Changing contexts in ELT" - Papers from the 1993 British Council Sorrento Conference)

The aim of this paper is to discuss how communication strategies, through which strategic competence can be developed, can inform language teaching and learning. The focus is on oral interaction at the intermediate level.


Communication strategies

Learning and teaching how to manage oral interaction

What do you do when you need to express the meaning of a word that you don’t know in a foreign language? How do you start and close a conversation, and how do you keep it going? What can you do if you are not sure about what to say in an unfamiliar situation?

Communication strategies is a book about the verbal and non-verbal ways and means that learners and users of a second or foreign language can employ when they have to face problems due to gaps in their linguistic, communicative or intercultural competence. Strategies also enable them to deal with uncertainty in personal and intercultural contacts and to increase their autonomy in using languages.

Communication strategies is both a handbook for teachers, teacher trainers and educators, providing them with a sound methodological background, and a collection of 30 practice activities, games and tasks for language learners and users. Photocopiable worksheets are provided, as well as freely downloadable recordings of native and non-native speakers of English.

ISBN  978-1-4457-7953-9

Published by www.lulu.com - contact the author (luciano.mariani@iol.it) for a free copy in electronic format (pdf)

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Learning strategies
Learning styles
Study skills
Learner autonomy
Beliefs and attitudes

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